“TheCeļotājs” –
Liepāja City Sights in Courland
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Through these many pages of text, photographs and slideshows, I have tried to show you the many historical sights the City of Liepaja has to offer. Be it historical wooden structures to historical landmarks, that date back to 1697 and 18th and 19th Century. Located in Liepaja Old Town is the House of Peter the 1st “Pēteris I namiņš” ANNO 1697, is the oldest wooden building in Liepaja. Jāņa iela which is a shore bock the runs between Lielā iela Skolas iela has Warehouses that date back to the 18th 19th Century. Also located in Liepaja Old Town is three historical churches and cathedrals. The oldest church in Liepaja is Saint Anne's Lutheran Church - ANNO 1587. With the most famous cathedral is the Holy Trinity Lutheran Cathedral - ANNO 1742, which is open to the general public for tours. Then we have Saint Joseph’s Roman Catholic Cathedral - ANNO 1894. 
 
Liepaja is divided into three parts, Old Town, New Town and Karosta, Karosta Naval Port was build during Russian Tsar Alexander III and Tsar Nicholas II, this former Russian Tsar's Naval Port serviced as the Naval Base for the Russian Navy until World War I then the German Keizer's Army captures Liepaja on 7 May 1915. and till the end of World War I. On 18 November 1918 Latvia proclaimed its independence. This lasted for only a short period of time until the Soviet Union Red Army invaded Latvia in 17 June 1940, Latvia first occupation by the Soviet Union, On the 22 of June 1941 the Nazi German Army invaded Russia Latvia and Liepaja, with Liepaja being its primary target because of its ice free sea port . The Soviet Union Red Army recaptured Liepaja in 1945, starting the Soviet Union's second occupation from this time period on Karosta Naval Port became the Soviet Union secret Naval Base for their Baltic Fleet until Latvia gained its re-independence in 1990 and the Soviet Union military finial left Liepaja in May 1994. Most visitors of Liepaja go to Old Town and tour old city center or they want to visit Karosta, and the Karosta Naval Port Prison and Museum.
 
While exploring Liepaja, not only its old town center, with its many historical buildings and landmarks as well as it churches and cathedrals,  we also explored the rest of the city, as one may say we went off the beaten path to see how the residents of Liepaja live. We were on streets that were both paved and nothing more what one would call hard packed dirt. Some of the streets had sidewalks while other ones didn't. The houses were a mixer of old wooden building while other one were more modern. While walking through these areas, we did notice a lot of vacant homes or apartment buildings that were half finished this was also with some homes that the owner started remodeling and didn't have the money to finish them.
 
While in old town, we explored its four cemeteries. Livas Cemetery is Liepaja's oldest cemetery dating back to the mid 1800's. The cemetery is quite well maintained. Some of the headstones have toppled over while other one that had metal cross on top a base, the cross has rusted off. Some of the grave sites are quite elaborate with lots of marble,  while other ones are plain and simple. Located at the south end of Livas Cemetery is the Jewish Cemetery.
 
The Liepaja Jewish Cemetery is located at the south end of Livas Cemetery and dates back to the late 19th to early 20th century. This is a very poorly kept cemetery with headstones having fallen over or falling over. With graves so close together that they are almost on top of each other. The metal railing or fence around some of the graves are rusting or in bad need of some kind of repair. Now there is a newer part to this cemetery, located at the far west end of it. This little section has newer grave plots that are some what maintained. Besides this small section of the cemetery, the larger part is weed covered and in much need of repair and up keep. Being a Jewish cemetery, it is not maintained by the cemetery caretaker or the local municipality, but by the local or region Jewish Council. Most of the time, grave sites are maintained by surviving relatives. Since a large part of this cemetery dates back to Pre World War II and World War II there are very few surviving relatives. This being the fact, it is still no excuse for at least keeping the weed cut. We can and have billions to spend for –- but not even a few hundreds to spend on or to pay someone to cut the weeds or for maintaining these cemeteries or up keep or what ever..... The more I travel around Latvia, the more I am seeing this of Jewish Cemeteries. This one is not as bad as some I have visited in my travels...... Most of these Jewish Cemeteries have been forgotten and left to grow up into weed and  go into complete disrepair. This maybe because there is no one left to maintain them or just that they know longer care, this is still no excuse for the Jewish Council not to hirer someone to at lease to keep the weeds cut..... For Christ sakes these wore you relatives or descendents..... The ones that are pre-World War II , I can understand this because there maybe no one left to maintain them, but again it is still un- excusably for the Jewish Council to hirer someone to just cut the weeds..... I will leave it at that! 
 
The next cemetery we visited was Centralie Cemetery, which is located in the southern most part of Liepaja and is the newest and largest cemetery in Liepaja. Even though we only walked a small part of the cemetery, what we did see, it was well maintained and a majority of the grave sites were also well maintained. There was some mixed among newer site were becoming in disrepair. This is due to there is no longer anyone to for there is to do the up keep of the grave site. In Latvia and Liepaja, the relatives of the deceased maintain these grave sites. When there is no one left, the grave sites go unattended and become in disrepair. 
 
Located at the south end of Centralie Cemetery is the Soviet Union Military "Warriors'' Cemetery". This World War II Cemetery contains the graves of 498 Soviet soldiers and officers that fell in 1941 or 1945 during fighting for Liepaja. Among the dead is Soviet Major General N.A. Dadaeva "7.11.1897 - 25.6.1941", commander of the 67th Infantry Division. He is buried in an individual grave. For being a former Soviet Union Military, it is very well keep. The only thing that it is not listed anywhere and I have not found any history of it except what is described above. The only Soviet Union Military Cemetery I can find anything about it or is it even listed anywhere is the Priekule Russian World War II Military Cemetery "The Warrior's Cemetery" located along Route P114 in  Priekules parish, Latvia, it is the larges Soviet Union Military Cemetery where there where more than 23,000 Soviet Union Soldiers and Officers have been buried. When I asked why these other cemetery are not listed anywhere, the only answer I have ever gotten is there are so many and we can't list them all. That is why when I come across them, be it Soviet Union, German or even Latvian I do list them and their location through out my other websites. For these solders fought and died for in what they believed in and must never before gotten! 
 
Moving on to Liepaja New Town "Jaunliepaja" is located between the Trade Canal and Karosta Canal, where one has to cross one of two bridges the Tram Bridge or the Jaunais Bridge, which is east of the Tram Bridge. The first site we visited was the Old Liepaja Cemetery, which is divided into two parts, the newer section and the older section which is divided by Kaiju iela. The new section is located on the north side Kaiju iela and is well maintained, while old section which is located on the south side of Kaiju iela and is disrepair with the front part neatly keep while the rest is in disrepair with high weeds and the headstone falling or have fell over. We were told the World War II German soldiers were buried there. But due to the high weeds and grass, we never did find them. In the south end of this part of the cemetery we did see crypts dug into the hill side with concrete fronts. Again there is no reason for the condition of this cemetery. We were told this is due to the current economical condition Latvia and the City of Liepaja is in there is just no money to hirer anyone to maintain them. We was also told that education comes first in any city or town budget, which is more then some other countries do and there is one country I know especially education is the further thing in their mind. 
 
Then we come to the New Liepaja Northern Cemetery, which is another cemetery which is a mixed ethnic cemetery and dates back to the late 19th to the early 20th century. As we walk through the cemetery, we can see neat and well kept grave sties and headstones One thing I noticed, as I have in so many other cemeteries I have visited while traveling through Latvia, the soil is made up of sand or very sandy soil. Some of the grave sites are quite simple, while others are very elaborate with a lot of marble outlining the grave plot. Also located in this cemetery there are several World War I monuments and graves. Located at the entrance to the cemetery is the Monument and Cemetery Graves “Latvia in 1919 Fallen Heroes Killed” to those who fought for The Latvian War of Independence, sometimes called the Latvian War of Liberation, Latvian: Latvijas brīvības cīņas, literally, the "Struggles for Latvia's freedom," or Latvijas atbrīvošanas karš, "War of Latvian Liberation", was a series of military conflicts in Latvia between 5 December 1918, after the Republic of Latvia proclaimed its independence, and the signing of the Treaty of Riga between the Republic of Latvia and the Russian SFSR on 11 August 1920.
 
Located within this cemetery, there are four other memorials and graves that are from World War I and World War II. What I can't or don't understand, I am unable to fine any written history on these memorials or their grave sites, it is like they are forgotten. To me, its like stick them in the ground place a marker over them and then just move on. If there is any recorded history on them, I have been unable to find any one who can tell me.....
 
There are other historical structures and landmarks as well as churches. One of the landmarks that was quite interesting to me was The New Liepaja Fire Brigade's "Fire" Station which is located in a historical red brick building with its equipment that is housed in an unattached brick four bay building with old wooden swing out doors. This being, once they receive an alarm, they have to run from the main building to this unattached building unlatch the wooden doors swing them out before they can leave. We were given the chance, we haven't yet meet a fireman who won't take the time to show off their equipment, to see the fire trucks and their equipment located within this building. As we entered the building you can see the fire trucks and their equipment that date back to the Soviet Union era. These three trucks are designed and equipped for off road use "all wheel drive" and are fitted with 2000 liter onboard water tanks. These trucks are also so equipped so they can also hook to an outside water source.
I don't remember if I thanked the fireman for taking the time to show us their equipment and the history behind it, if I didn't I want to thank each and everyone of you that took the time to show us and allowed us to photograph their equipment. It was very interesting to me.
While in the area we stopped at the former The Great Emigrant House, which is located at Flotes iela 3, is the former Great Emigrant House, which is now an abandoned building and in disrepair. It will or has be sold and most likely will be demolished. Once these building become abandoned, they become pray to scavengers who strip the building and steal anything that is of value. The land around the building is being used to store logs waiting to be exported. This is another structure that is abandoned and we are unable to find and history on it. To the people in the area, it is just another building and can be used for their source for building materials. When we were there, everything of any value has been stripped from the building. 
 
Leaving this area we drove to, since it would have been a long walk to the Liepaja Bus Station Railway Station and Railway Yard located at Rīgas iela 71. This is Liepaja main Bus and Railway Station and Rail Yard. Everything coming to Liepaja comes to this location. It's current building has been recent rebuilt to its current looks.
 
Liepaja is the most important city and port after Riga, and has an advantage over Riga because its harbor is not ice-bound for part of the year. The Germans had altered the broad gauge line which runs from Riga through Jelgava, Gluda, and Renge, then dipping across the border to the Lithuanian town of Mazeikiai and up again to Latvia at Vainode, and so through Priekule to Liepaja. Other lines run south, from Jelgava and Priekule in Latvia, and from Mazeikiai in Lithuania. All had been altered to standard gauge. The line which strikes south from Jelgava, runs through Lithuania and connects with Berlin. The Latvians decided to leave these lines as they were, thus avoiding a break of gauge at frontier stations, since the Lithuanians have kept their lines altered from Russian to standard by the Germans to the standard gauge.
 
There still remained the necessity of ensuring through transit for goods between Russia and the ice-free port of Liepaja, so the Latvians built a broad gauge line. This runs parallel with the other line through Jelgava and on to Gluda, at which town it strikes off at a tangent to Liepaja, instead of dipping to the border. It is 143 miles long, and is the most important line built under the reconstruction program. 
 
To conclude our exploring of New Town we visited the Liepaja Locomotive Water Tower located at Ezermalas iela 1, is the red brick Liepaja Locomotive Water Tower – ANNO unknown.... I am unable to find any further information or historical documentation information on this water tower.
 
These were only a few of the sights we seen while visiting Liepaja New Town.
 
As we leave Liepaja New Town, we will be going to Karosta and explore its sights. Karosta has a very interesting history the dates back to both Russian Tsar  Alexander III and Tsar Nicholas II. 
 
Karosta Naval Port was build during Russian Tsar Alexander III and Tsar Nicholas II, this former Russian Tsar's Naval Port serviced as the Naval Base for the Russian Navy until World War I then the German Keizer's Army captures Liepaja on 7 May 1915. and till the end of World War I. On 18 November 1918 Latvia proclaimed its independence. This lasted for only a short period of time until the Soviet Union Red Army invaded Latvia in 17 June 1940, Latvia first occupation by the Soviet Union, On the 22 of June 1941 the Nazi German Army invaded Russia Latvia and Liepaja, with Liepaja being its primary target because of its ice free sea port . The Soviet Union Red Army recaptured Liepaja in 1945, starting the Soviet Union's second occupation from this time period on Karosta Naval Port became the Soviet Union secret Naval Base for their Baltic Fleet until Latvia gained its re-independence in 1990 and the Soviet Union military finial left Liepaja in May 1994.
 
There are many Russian Tsar's era historical building located though out this area. Some are abandoned while other have been remodeled and are used today. When the Soviet Union Military left Karosta in May 1994, it left Karosta and Liepaja in a very large economical depression and vacuum with high unemployment in the area. The when Latvia joined the European Union on 1 May 2004, which everyone through things would get better with markets that would open up to the rest of the members of the European Union. The only thing it did was cause Latvia and Liepaja to become under another occupier. Which dictated to the country and its citizens. When Latvia was forced to conform to the European Union trade regulations and influence, bankers and infesters came in and started buying up the local industries and what they didn't control they either moved the industries production lines out of Latvia and Liepaja or just outright closed them. To this Liepaja economic became even more depressed and unemployment went even higher. The current unemployment level in Liepaja District is 13.6% and the average "Monthly" income is around 600Ls, which they must pay their rent, lights, gas, heating, food and any other expenses they may have out of this amount. If they own a car, they have to pay for car insurance also plus buy petro or gasoline, which is sold by the liter plus a VAT tax on top of that, for the European Union has a VAT "Value Added Tax" on everything. Latvia standard VAT tax is current 21%, it use to be 22% before being reduced in July 2012. Those of you that live in the United States think you have it bad, try living in one of the European Union states. But enough of that, let us move on to the sights that can be found in Karosta! 
 
There are many Russian Tsar's historical sights in Karosta to which I will briefly describe here. You have the Northern Breakwater which is a engineering marvel. If one walks the 1800 meters long breakwater that juts out into the Baltic Sea you can get a view of the Baltic Sea and the outer Breakwater and once was part of the coastal defenses. During the Soviet second occupation, this area was strictly off limits to civilians and was heavily armed patrolled with Soviet Union guards and their dogs. Any area that lead to the beaches and the Baltic Sea was off limits and were heavily armed patrolled. There is also what is known as the Karosta Canal and its Breakwaters which is the entrance to the Karosta Canal and the Naval Port.
 
Located at Zemgales iela 15 is the Karosta Naval Port Manege – ANNO 1904, which has a history back to when it was from 1903 until 1904 and it is a part of a technological complex including also its own boiler house, electric station and the Small Gymnastics Manege “Devastated in 1997”.
 
The author is unknown. The building had a light roof of riveted metal constructions and a tin-plated lining. To let the light into the large hall, windows were produced and glass tiles installed in the roof ceiling. The interior of the hall was a modest one, a folding stage and portable chairs, a floor of pressed sawdust. On the East side there is a concrete plinth visible, this was a place for small Orthodox Manege Church with two entrances.
 
Every Sunday before World War I, performances of cavalry and artillery horses, as well as of the sport horses of the senior officers were arranged, also competitions in nimbleness of the horsemen took place. During the weeks, the hall was adapted to the sailors’ needs for gymnastics exercise. Today it sets with only it's walls standing.
 
Then you have the Karosta Water Tower – ANNO 1900, located at Ģenerāļa Baloža iela 27, which is encircled by apartment buildings, some of which are abandoned, the Tosmare Water Tower, which was built in 1905 in a pseudo-Gothic style and is made of red bricks. It is 37 meters "121.39 feet". high. Steam pumps were once used to pump underground water from artesian wells into the tower "the pumps have survived to this day". Water was delivered three times a day to smaller reservoirs to surrounding houses of the residents of Karosta. The tower is no longer used for its original purpose, however, the tower can be seen from the outside at any time. At one time they were going to turn it into a museum. But nothing became of it. Either due to no money or could not find anyone who would restore it and make it in to a museum. For me, I would need an elevator to get to the top. I don't remember just how many steps that runs around the inside of this tower.
 
Then we come to the Karosta Station of Homing Pigeons – ANNO 1900, located at Pulkveža Brieža iela 6, The station was built from 1899 until 1900. It was intended for 450 homing pigeons. Earlier by 1896, another pigeon station was built in the fortress that was intended for 750 liaison pigeons. It was disposed in the northern end of the present Atmodas Avenue, behind the Mortar Coastal Battery of Artillery Cannon No. 3. However, it has not remained to this day. The architect of the Homing Pigeon Station is unknown as of today. The construction costs were 10.6 thousand Russian Rubles. The Pigeon Station was rebuilt many times and today it is a private home.
 
Next comes Karosta Navy Officers’ Conventions – ANNO 1907, located at Atmodas bulvāris 9. Today this building and its complex of buildings is now located inside a fenced in and restricted area and is no longer accessible to the general public. Even photographing it from the street side of fence line area is STRICYLY PROHIBITED by order of the Latvian Self-Defense Forces. Karosta Navy Officers’ Conventions has a long an interesting history. Today it sets empty and in very poor condition and in much need of repair. In order to enter the restricted area we need permission from the site's commander and once we obtained this permission, we were escorted by a member of the Latvian Home Defense Forces and told just what we could and could not photographic. For I had taken a picture that happen to include the corner of one of the restricted building that are located inside this complex, I had to delete it and show the officer that I had did so. After that it went quite fine, except we could not go inside the building. The only reason he gave us was it was considered unsafe to do so because of its deterring condition. But we did get some good photographs despite of all the trees and tree leafs around it. At the time we were there they were making some repairs to the outside balcony that is over the main entrance. There are other buildings that once made up this complex, and due to many of them being still used, we were not allowed to photograph them. But maybe next time, I will get the necessary permission to do so with out photographing the main restricted building. This I have figured out how to do, but only time will tell. 
 
The House of Two Admirals – ANNO 1899, located at Katedrales iela 2, was a building that the plans of the building were drawn up by the Russian architects K. Kopishtshev, N. Vinidiktov, S. Kovalyov. The drawings of architectural and engineering solutions were approved in 1 April 1896 in Saint Petersburg. Construction was carried out over 1897-1899. From the beginning, the building was intended for the needs of the Tsar and his family members. The construction costs were 92.2 thousand Russian Rubles. The interior decoration is highly modest while the exterior is florid including plastering panels, faun figures of the Greek-Roman myths, flower vases and urns. There were two spacious balconies on the first floor, one at each end, with high decorated exterior barriers. These had been constructed this way to prevent from draughts as the balconies were the place where the adjutants laid lunch or served the afternoon tea from the silver samovars for officers. In the backyard of the building, there was a complex of one-story outhouses of red and yellow bricks with living rooms for the adjutants and valets of the Headquarters. These were removed recently during 1994-1997.
 
To me this building was different. But to photograph this build was very interesting. The front of the building is tree lined with a ton of leafs on these trees. there wasn't and way one could get a full view of the building. From the back side, you had a lot of unobstructed view. So all I could do was side shots of the from. It was once the home of some K@2 artist that came from other countries and they were going to remodel it and turn it into a art studio for artist from other countries and locals, but when I was there in August 2012, I was told they had left. because they couldn't get enough grease to cross their plums. They had very big ideas but with no money or backing in the bank what do you expect. Guess they though that the Karosta Council would come up with the money. Opps!
 
Lets us move on to the Karosta Bridge – ANNO 1906, which is swing bridge that crosses the Karosta Canal between Liepaja New Town and Karosta Naval Port, which is one of the oldest in Liepaja, which is by far a prominent sample of engineering of the early 20th century.
 
In 1903, the designing of the Bridge began in Sankt-Petersburg Company of metal factory after French engineer Alexander Gustav Eifel “1832-1923 drawings. The sum of projections resulted in 0.49 million Russian Rubles including design and construction “qualified worker’s reward per 10 hour working day was, 1.58 Rubles”. The electric motor and the swing mechanisms were manufactured in Belgium while the metal constructions were brought from Russia, Bryansk. The uprights of the bridge were laid in 1904.
 
In the summer of 1906, the whole construction could be proved. At first the bridge was loaded with 8 tram coaches and other units, then on 11 August, carts and field cannons with crews and soldiers marching in step were allow to cross the bridge.
 
On 19 August 1906, the bridge was solemnly consecrated by the priest of the Saint Nicholas Maritime Cathedral.
 
This by far is a engineering marvel of the time and even today. While in Liepaja this last trip we were able to see it open and then watched from afar closing. That was worth a few dozen photos.
 
Now we will move onto that was then known as the Guardhouse, Karosta Naval Port Prison and today a museum. It is located at Invalīdu iela 4. It also has quite a long history.
 
The two story building from red bricks is a former Navy Hospital Complex, which was built during period 1896-1904. From July 1905, this place was used as a short time disciplinary penalty place for navy sailors and non-commissioned officers, when there was no other place for the arrested rebellions. In large quantities, here were sailors also from other Baltic fleet commands in 1906 and 1908.
Author's Note: Contrary to what some people have said or written, this building from day one, never was a Navy Hospital Complex, but was designed as a disciplinary penalty, which was used during the Russian Tsar time, the Soviet Union Military during its first occupation, then by the Nazi Army, and then again by the Soviet Union during the second occupation and then finally by the Latvian Military. The only part that resembles a hospital is a small tile floor section that is located just before entering the corridor that leads to the holding cells. The former Navy Hospital Complex was located in the Navy Officers' Conventions before it was moved to another location! 
Since the first days of maintenance the house became a gloomy place for breaking down people’s fortunes and repressing free spirit. 
 
There are 69 rooms in the guardhouse, 39 of them are prisoners’’ cells, single seated and common. In the pre-World War I time the Territory of the Guardhouse was larger, as it encompassed marching sites, penalty sentries, instruments and appliance for physical exercise, labor and disparagement. The house was surrounded by a high forged metal fence, the fragments of which may be still seen at the small entrance gate. 
 
During the 20 years of the first Latvian Republic and over the Soviet time too, the Guardhouse was the place of a short-term disciplinary punishment. The worst and the most bloody time for the Guardhouse of the Liepaja Naval Port was that of the Nazi occupation years during World War II. From June 1944 to May 1945, that was the place of the Nazi Court Martial consisting of three officers. Death penalty by shooting was the only sentence of the court, whether towards trespassers against army and navy discipline, deserters of the Latvian Legion or the civilians who were suspected for being the Red Army’s spies. The doomed were kept in the first floor wards from the yard side and special red signs were attached to the respective door.
 
Today it is a museum showing the periods of the Soviet Union and the Nazi occupations, during World War II and the second Soviet Union occupation. It was then used by the Latvian up to 1997 when the last prison was released. It is very interesting to visit, but in my research, and what the guide told us, I am having a problem with what the guide is saying. The prison wasn't operated by the navy, for all Soviet Union prison were operated by the KGB who had control during that time of all prisons, be it military or civilian. And it was used for other things other then just holding unruly soldiers. But besides all that, it is still worth while  visiting. And you can even book a room and spend the night there at a reasonable rate. One thing is, I don't think mush of there menu though.
 
We then come to Saint Nicholas Maritime Cathedral – ANNO 1903, located at Studentu rotas iela 7. The Saint Nicholas Maritime Orthodox Cathedral is the visual and spiritual dominant of the whole Naval Port area. The author of the design was the Saint Petersburg’s architect, academician V. Kosyakov and he was assisted by the architect A. Viksel. The executive artist and the author of the mosaics was V. Frolov, the wood carvings and gilding of the iconostas were made by P. Abosimov. The paintings of the central and the right-side alter spheres were produced by F. Railyan and the frescoes of the left-side altar spheres were painted by M. Vasilyev.
 
The construction cost were 0.53 million Russian Rubles, The Cathedral has been designed and erected in the style of the 17th century Russian Orthodox Churches with central and four side cupolas symbolizing Christ and Four Apostles. The central entrance with the two fold door of a filigree work resembles the gate of the Saint Sofia Cathedral in Kiev. Behind the front door there is another one, installed particularly to prevent the people in the church from draughts. The Finnish granite and sandstone were used in the exterior trimming; walls were brick laid of the Estonian yellow bricks. Subtle majolica “Windows” and mosaics add to the exterior. High above the western entrance, from the seaside, the Mosaic Iron of Christ, the Redeemer, is seen; beneath it, the icon of Saint Nicholas, the patron of seamen and travelers. The mosaic icons of the Virgin and Saint Alexander Nevsky were placed by the artist V. Frolov on the southern façade, of Christ, the Savior, on the eastern façade and of Saint Nicholas, the Miracle Worker and of Aleksey, the Russian Orthodox Church metropolitan, on the northern façade.
 
Finally, upon conclusion of World War II, the Soviet Naval Base in Liepaja was made a secret territory and was closed to the public. So they established a sports hall, a cinema and the so-called “Red Corner”, a recreation and entertainment room, here in the former Cathedral for the needs of the sailors and soldiers. It was then that the sphere of the central cupola was bricked up in order to avoid the great acoustics and let the navy people listen to the films. The Cathedral does not have any more the marvelous mosaic floor of stone tiles that it used to have before, although the side altar wall-paintings are still under redecoration.
 
When we were there in August 2012, the onion skin dooms were still under reconstruction. The main doom has been completed while the smaller ones are still under reconstruction. Maybe some day we can get a photograph of it with out scuffling around it. 
 
To finish out exploring Karosta and the Naval Port area we will visit the Karosta Garnizona “kapsēta” Cemetery located at the corner of Laboratorijas iela and Ģenerāļa Baloža iela in the northeast part of Karosta. Garnizona “kapsēta” Cemetery dates from the late 19th century to early 20th century. It is a public cemetery with not only civilians buried there, but also Latvian and Soviet Union Soldiers are buried here both from World War I and World War II. In the center rear of the cemetery is a monument dedicated to the Soviet Soldiers who died during World War II. The main Liepaja Soviet Union World War II Military Cemetery is located in the south part of Liepaja Old Town at the south end of Centrālie “kapsēta”  Cemetery at Lat: N56.48062, Lon: E021.00903, Klaipedas iela 85, Liepaja, 
 
Also in this cemetery there are 11 Soviet Soldiers that are buried in a collective grave.
 
The next places we will be visiting is the former Liepaja Russian Tsar's era Fortifications that once encircled the City of Liepaja until they were destroyed in November 1908. There are 9 fortifications that once encircled the City of Liepaja with 5 were costal defenses while the remaining were what was considered inter fortifications. Also A sophisticated infrastructure was created in the rear of the fortification system. A 600 mm wide railway was built along the inner side of the fortification line. This was designed to provide ammunition, water, extra forces and mobile connections. Seventeen locomotives ran along the fortress railway. And the action of this railway was provided by special fortress railway battalion soldiers.
 
In close distance from the batteries, quarters/barracks were built for the soldiers of the artillery batteries. In general those were timber barracks built using horizontal beam manner. Separate, luxuriant house was made for commander of each battery.
 
The most popular fortifications are the Northern Fortification, Battery Nr. 1 and Battery Nr. 3. The other fortifications are not listed on any tour guide books, in fact they are not even on the tourist radar screen. The only way I found them was by looking at a map of Liepaja while laying out my itinerary of what and where I wanted explore while in Liepaja. This is a practice I do anytime I go to a place city or town I want to visit and see their historical sights. It not only saves time, but it also gives a guide an idea just want I want to see and go. If the guide has other suggestions as to sights the itinerary is flexible enough to do so if time allows to do so. 
 
These are only a few of the many historical sights and landmarks that Liepaja and the surrounding areas has to offer. There are many more to see but they are located in Courland "Kurzeme" Region. 
 
These comments and observations are solely those of "TheCeļotājs" and by no means should discourage you from visiting Liepaja and it many historical sights and landmarks it has to offer. For I look at historical sights, structures and landmarks in a total different light then the every day person does. I believe in that we have to preserve our historical heritage. Because if you lose it, it is lost for ever. For the history of a city or town is it's life blood of its survival. 
 
"TheCeļotājs"
 
 
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Revised: 06/30/2013 – 18:28:09