“TheCeļotājs” –
Courland "Kurzeme" Region Sights
    
 
   
Epilog –
Courland "Kurzeme" Region Sights
 
Welcome to Courland "Kurzeme" Region Sights
 
Through these many pages and photographs, "TheCeļotājs" tried to show you and explain some of the many sights that can be found through out Courland Regions and has to offer.
 
Before we get started "TheCeļotājs" would like to give you a brief description of Courland "Kurzeme" Region.
 
Situated in western Latvia, Courland roughly corresponds to the former Latvian districts of Kuldīga, Liepāja, Saldus, Talsi, Tukums and Ventspils.
 
When combined with Semigallia and Selonia, Courland's northeastern boundary is the river Daugava, which separates it from the regions of Latgale and Vidzeme. To the north, Courland's coast lies along the Gulf of Riga. On the west it is bordered by the Baltic Sea, and on the south by Lithuania. It lies between 55° 45′ and 57° 45′ North and 21° and 27° East.
 
The area comprises 27,286km² "10,535 sq. miles.", of which 262km² "101 sq. miles." is made up of lakes. The landscape generally has a low and undulating character, with flat and marshy coastlands. The interior features wooded dunes, covered with pine, fir, birch, and oak, with swamps and lakes, and fertile patches between. Courland's elevation never rises more than 213m "700 ft" above sea level.
 
The Jelgava plain divides Courland into two parts, the western side, which is fertile and densely inhabited, except in the north, and the eastern side, less fertile and thinly inhabited.
 
Nearly one hundred rivers drain Courland, but only three of these rivers, the Daugava, the Lielupe and the Venta, are navigable. They all flow northwestward and discharge into the Baltic Sea.
 
Owing to its numerous lakes and marshes, Courland has a damp, often foggy, and changeable climate; its winters are severe.
 
World War I devastated the territory of what would become the state of Latvia, along with other western parts of the Russian Empire. Demands for self-determination were at first confined to autonomy, but the Russian 1917 Revolution, treaty with Germany at Brest-Litovsk, and allied armistice with Germany on 11 November 1918, created a power vacuum. The People's Council of Latvia proclaimed the independence of the new country in Riga on 18 November 1918, with Kārlis Ulmanis becoming the head of the provisional government.
 
Courland as part of Latvia. After World War I, Courland became a part of the newly-formed nation of Latvia on 18 November 1918. Their independence lasted until 16 June 1940 when the Soviet Union Red Army invaded and the occupation of Latvian started. This period of time was known as the beginning of the year of Soviet Union atrocities against the Latvian people. In 1940 the USSR annexed the region, but Germany occupied it during World War II. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Courland became part of independent Latvia once more and it remains so to this day.
 
Courland during World War II. At the start of Operation Barbarossa with the invasion of the Soviet Union at 03:15hrs on Sunday, 22 June 1941 with the Nazi Army invasion of Latvia with Liepāja was targeted by the Nazis as a town of special importance. Courland, along with the rest of the Baltic, was overrun by Army Group North headed by Field Marshal Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb. In 1944, the Red Army lifted the siege of Leningrad and re-conquered the Baltic area along with much of Ukraine and Belarus. However, some 200,000 German troops held out in Courland. With their backs to the Baltic Sea. they were trapped in what became known as the Courland Pocket, blockaded by the Red Army and the Red Baltic Fleet. Colonel-General Heinz Guderian, the Chief of the German General Staff, insisted to Adolf Hitler that the troops in Courland should be evacuated by sea and used for the defense of Germany. Hitler refused, and ordered the Wehrmacht, Waffen-SS, Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine forces in Courland to continue the defense of the area. Hitler believed them necessary to protect Kriegsmarine submarine bases along the Baltic coast. On 15 January 1945, Army Group Courland "Heeresgruppe Kurland" was formed under Colonel-General Dr. Lothar Rendulic. The blockade by elements of the Leningrad Front remained until 8 May 1945, when the Army Group Courland, then under its last commander, Colonel-General Carl Hilpert, surrendered to Marshal Leonid Govorov, the commander of the Leningrad Front "reinforced by elements of the 2nd Baltic Front" on the Courland perimeter. At this time the group consisted of the remnants of some 31 divisions. After 9 May 1945, approximately 203,000 troops of Army Group Courland began moving to Soviet prison camps in the East. The majority of them never returned to Germany "Haupt,1997".
 
With this, we will start our exploration of the areas that makes up Courland Region. With only 21 days to explore the vast area of Courland Region, we didn't  have the time to cover them in much detail. So we will try and cover the areas of importance as time allowed. This will be done in two parts. Courland Region Sights and some of the many monuments and memorials that are found through out Courland countryside. The towns we visited can be found on other websites in more detail. One thing we found out while traveling around Courland Region is there are many historical sites, but very little information on them. This I found quite frustrating. Here is a historical structures or sites and one can not find any information in it. This is also the case of some of the monuments and memorials we came across. Most of the time, all we had was what was inscribed on the monument or memorial. To me that isn't a whole lot for what the event these monuments or memorials were for. With all that said, we will move on and first cover Courland Region Sights. There is one thing I would like to say before we get started , I won't be able to do much justice to some of the places we visited, for there is just little to no information published on some of them. Like yep that is a wooden bridge alright and that is all there is on it. Or another example we found, the ruins of IIgi Manor, which is suppose date back to the 16th to 17th century, to which is what is left is some stone walls.
 
Courland "Kurzeme" Region Sights
 
Blīdenes parish Cemetery – located in Kazarmas, Blīdenes parish, Latvia. This is a small and well maintained country cemetery located in Blīdenes parish is located about a kilometer from the main road and at the end of a single dirt path. I have to say, of all the cemeteries we have visited in the past, this one maybe small, it is very well maintained. 
 
Pilsblīdene Manor Ruins – located in Blīdenes parish, Latvia . Just off the country road is the abandoned ruins of Pilsblīdene Manor. It was the manor of some Courland nobleman. Other then it is a large two story brick structure with plaster walls and quite rundown. Other then is, that is all the information there is on it. 
 
Pilsblīdene Tower Ruins – located in Blīdenes parish, and a short distance from the Pilsblīdene Manor Ruins is the Pilsblīdene Tower Ruins. It is a round brick structure with plaster walls. Again there is no further information in the structure.
 
Courland "Kurzeme" Region Landmarks and Sights – which are located in various parts of Courland Region and part of the countryside of Grobiņa District. Located out in the middle of the countryside we can find what is known as Idol Hill and the area surrounding it. A little distance from here we can find the Gavieze Manor. Some distance form here, we can see the ruins of IIgi Manor. The ruins of IIgi Manor, which is suppose to date back to the 16th to 17th century, to which is what is left is some stone walls. If I hadn't been told what it was, we would have never known. Another case of forgotten history. But you can find this all over Latvia today.
 
Vile Bridge Ruins – located in Neptūns, Ķīburi, Bartas parish, Grobiņa District, Courland Region, and set deep in the woods of Ods, Bārtas parish and at the end of a narrow dirt grassy path is the ruins of the former Vile Bridge, which is a steel bridge that once was used to cross the Bārta River that spanned from the west bank to the first column of the east bank. Bārta in "Latvian", also named Bartuva in "Lithuanian" and Bartów in "Polish", is a river in western Lithuania and Latvia. It originates in the Plungė district, 3 km to north of Lake Plateliai. The Bārta flows in a northwesterly direction, passing through the Skuodas district and the city of Skuodas, before entering Latvia. The Bārta flows into Liepāja lake, which is connected with the Baltic Sea. In its upper courses the valley formed by the Bārta is deep and narrow, while in its lower courses it is much wider. As for Vile Bridge, yep it is a former steel span bridge that is rusting and falling down. Not really much to see other then if you like to look at old steel rusting and falling down bridges. For myself, it wasn't worth the time and trouble it took getting to it, but that is up to ones taste in bridges.
 
Hydroelectric Power Station Ruins in Labrags, Rīva, Labrags – it is located south of Labrags and on the west side of Route P111 and at the point where Rīva River passes under P111 sets the ruins of the former Hydroelectric Power Station. All that is left of the Hydroelectric Power Station is a few ruin stone walls, the dam, its reservoir and water falls that crosses the Rīva River. Next to the reservoir there is the paddle wheel tower building. Unfortunately there is no way you can get close to this building. It sets back in the trees and is blocked off by a fence. Guess you could climb the fence, but I'll pass on that. As for the river side, I guess one could wade through the water on the east side of the dam. But that is up to you. One thing I have noticed while traveling around Latvia is its rivers and lakes. Standing along the banks and looking into the water it is so clear that one can see its bottom, even at water falls. I surely can't say that about the rivers, lakes and streams around where I come from. They are dumping grounds for the local treatment plants and factories.
 
Wooden Bridge over the Rīva River, Rīva, Labrags – Yep that is a Wooden Bridge that crosses the Rīva River which is next to and above the ruins of Hydroelectric Power Station paddle wheel tower and above the dam and reservoir. It is a one lane bridge the crosses the Rīva Raive and leads to a camping grounds in the woods. Standing on the bridge and looking down from the bridge into the reservoir even from this height, you still can see the bottom of the water reservoir. Again yep it is a wooden bridge that was recently rebuilt. As to why it's considered important, I have no idea. this is another case of no information on it's importance. 
 
Ruins of Baltic Ice Lake, Mazmedze levkalni – This is to be the ruins of the Baltic Ice Lake. Since I wasn’t sure what I was looking for, all I can say I have no idea.
 
Kalni, Nigrande parish Area Sights, Svētās Agates baznīca, Kalni – While we were at the Memorial Ensemble to The Deported People “krusta ceļš” Way of the Cross, we took a pan view of the area south of the memorial showing the general area and the fields and a wood mill. We were even able to get a couple picture of a storks nest, which can be found all over Latvia. They build them where ever they want to even on top of power poles and buildings. Take one down and they only build another one in its place. 
 
Latvia’s high quality road being graded – Located in the Courland Countryside. While traveling one of Latvia's finest roads, we were able to view one of many of Latvia fine roads being maintained by being re-graded. When traveling through out Latvia with a GPS Unit, it is referred to as an unpaved road, and some of them even have route number, but others don’t and are stated as a unpaved road. But an unpaved road in Latvia can be anything from a gravel road to a dirt road to a dirt and grass path. One has to remember, while traveling the Latvian countryside and off the main routes, secondary routes are not marked on maps and Latvia is very skimpy on road signs. So if you are not absolutely sure where you are going and how to get there, it is recommended that one either buy or rent a GPS Unit. Then take the time to get coordinates to where you want to go and then check the coordinates too  to make sure they are correct. It is very easy to get lost while traveling off the main routes and on secondary routes. I can attest to this, for while traveling the Latvia countryside, using my Garman nüvi® 1350LMT GPS Unit and a JS GPS Latvia microSD card map, it got me out of trouble many times while I was exploring old Soviet Union Military Sites and looking for other historical sights. Like I said, Latvia is very skimpy on road signs.
 
One thing I do recommend, for exploring any off the road areas is take a starting point coordinates reading and write it down before starting you’re off the road adventure. Then if you get turned around or lost, all you have to do is punch in your starting point coordinates, and follow the instruction out to where you started from.
 
Courland "Kurzeme" Rural Countryside “Farmland” – Along route P106. While exploring the countryside, we came across a farmer and his combine harvesting grain, as we drive along route P109 we can see a field of grass in which are very large round bales of grass used for feeding their stock during the winter months. Setting a far distance from the main roadway is a large storage area of round bales of grass for later use. Seeing this, took me back when I lived on a farm and spent the summer baling hay. We had both square bales as well as round bales, but never any this large. The one we had, you could handle by hand. The one that were square came right from the bailer and you stacked them on a wagon about four high. The round bales, we had to pickup off the ground and toss them upon to the hay wagon and stack them. Then you took them to the hay barn and stacked them inside the barn hay loft. As for the grain we had another farmer come in help us harvest it. That was many moons ago. We even got into milking cows by hand twice a day seven days a week. The darn things never went on vacation. Those days are long gone. For today it is mass production and every thing is done by a machine.
 
Power Substation and Transmission Lines – Along Route P106 southeast of Grobiņa, Latvia. While we were returning from one the many excursions, we came across one of the many Latvian Power Substations, this is located along P106 southeast of Grobiņa. This one is feed by a Wind Turbine Wind-farm located not far from the substation. Power lines above the ground in the countryside while in towns and cities the are underground. In some places, as soon as the leave the power station they go underground. I find this quite interesting, for if it was done where I come from, it not only would create jobs, but would cut down on power outages during storms. But their excuse is, it costs to much, which maybe, but the government wants to run or spend money for jobs, this is a sure fire way to do so. But will never happen here.
 
Small Wind Turbine Wind-farm and Old Power Transformer – Along Route P106 and South of Grobiņa. Located not far down the road is one of the many Latvian Wind Turbine Wind-farm that are located throughout Latvia, this one is located along P106 southeast of Grobiņa, and is feeding the substation not far down the road.
 
Wind Turbine Wind-farms
 
There are a total of 19 operational wind farms in Latvia with capacity above 0.25 MW and 18 wind farms with capacity below 0.25 MW.  
 
Station
Town 
Coordinates 
Capacity "MW" 
Turbines 
Completed 
Status 
Notes 
Pope Wind Farm 
Pope parish 
 
20.7 
2012 
Operational 
 
Grobiņa Wind Farm  
Grobiņa 
 
9.6 
33 
2002 
Operational  
 
Liepāja Wind Farm 
Liepāja 
 
2.0 
 
Operational  
 
Ainaži Wind Farm 
Ainaži  
 
1.2 
 
1996 
Operational  
First wind farm in Latvia
 
These are four of the 19 Wind Turbine Wind-farms in Latvia. In fact, some of these wind turbines are scatted along the Baltic Coast line. I learned that the operator of these wind-farms wanted to build wind turbine towers on the site of the Liepāja 1941 Nazi mass murders of 7500 both Jews and non-Jews, which today is protected by Liepāja City Council and is considered "sacred ground", by falsifying a study of the area. Lucky they were stopped by a group who hired a professor that did a "ground-penetrating radar" or GPR, which is widely used to locate buried objects such as utility lines, graves, etc., at depths up to 10m or more. At Edward Anders and Vladimir Ban request Prof. Valdis Seglin's' and Drs. A. Kukela and G. Sic'ovs from Latvia University conducted such a study at Liepāja Šķēde Dunes. 
 
What started this whole process was the consortium Rapsoil SIA "Ltd.", which wants to build 20+ wind turbines on the Šķēde Dunes, had hired the environmental consulting firm Eiroprojekts to navigate the project through a thicket of environmental rules. The Liepāja Jewish Community "LJC" apparently did not know or care about our evidence for a mass grave, and in 2009 told Eiroprojekts to go  ahead and build. Edward Anders and Vladimir Ban learned about the project only during public hearings in December 2009 and promptly submitted a map of the 10 graves in Pictures 1 and 2, showing that towers 20 and 23 would have to be moved inland by 100–200m to prevent desecration of the graves. Now LJC, realizing their mistake, at last began to oppose the project, organizing a  letter campaign by prominent people. Alas, the campaign was long on emotions but short on facts, arguing that the entire dunes area was "sacred ground". http://www.liepajajews.org/mass_grave.htm 
 
While we were in Liepaja, we took the time to visit the area and walked the area of the mass graves site. For pictures of the area http://tinyurl.com/cdkvosn or Google Albums Google + http://tinyurl.com/d2y6ry5 or regular albums with information http://tinyurl.com/c9x77d7 With all that said, lets us move on.
 
Latvian Environmental Friendly Lawn Mowers – Lidostas iela 8, Liepāja district, Grobina, Latvija. While traveling around Courland, I was showed one of Latvia's latest contribution to the European Union's environmental problem and its plan on how it is going to help correct it. This is their new and improved environmental friendly lawn mowers with little to no maintenance other then water once and awhile. One would not be surprised, that this is a United States EPA granted project, since they now want to regulate everything and set us back a 100 plus years. This is one subject I will not get into today. The United States EPA is trying to regulate business out of business with such wild regulations that I think they stay up all night to come with. Enough said. 
 
Virga parish Mill Wall Ruins – ANNO 1892 – Located along Route P106, in Lauksargi, Virga parish is the ruins of the Virga mill which has been a symbol of Virga for a longer period as it is situated on the top of the highest Virga hill. Earlier it had been a Holland type windmill in which people ground flour. For the first time the mill was mentioned in 1892, but the last time it was working was 1937. The history of the mill is posted on a sign next to it, but it is in Latvian, and since we didn't have a translator with us that day and at the time to translate it, we just took a picture of it.
 
Farmer with Tractor and Wagon – Located along Route A9, Dzeņi, Pienava, Latvia, While traveling along route 9A and in the Latvian countryside it was noticed that the farm tractors are four wheel drives. And some of these were even rubber track types. A majority of the wagon beds or boxes are high off the ground and of the balloon type tires. This is a left over from the Soviet Union era and their collective framing. Sorry this is another subject we haven't gotten into for it was a Soviet Union and Joseph Stalin era thing and one of his 5 year parts. One thing I have learned was to make his collective farming to work he deported some 42, 0000 Latvian people.
 
As quoted from the Latvian Occupation Museum: 
 
The Mass Deportation of 25 March 1949
 
This deportation of more than 42,000 people was carried out to end the resistance to collectivization of the farms and at the same time to get rid of the supporters of national partisans.  This deportation was mainly directed against the farming population and entire families were sent to forced settlement areas for life.  After Stalin's death, many were eventually allowed to return, but they could not resume their previous lives and were treated as unreliable.
 
The "legal" basis of the deportation was contained in the top secret decision by the Council of Ministers of the USSR of 29 January 1949 and the instruction, issued by the Ministry of State Security in February, "Concerning the Procedure for Deporting Several Categories of Inhabitants from the Latvian SSR, Lithuanian SSR and Estonian SSR."  On 17 March 1949, Vilis Lācis as the Chairman signed the decision of the Council of Ministers of the Latvian SSR.  The military forces of the State Security and Interior ministries received the top-secret order No. 0068 to carry out deportations in the Baltic states under the code name "Priboi" "coastal surf".
 
The deportation began in the night of 24 March.  At night, people were arrested at home, during the day at their places of employment. Schoolchildren were sometimes taken to the trains directly from school.
 
Between 25 March and 28 March 42,133 people, or more than 2% of the pre-war population of Latvia, were deported from Latvia to places of "special settlement" "mainly in the districts of Krasnoyarsk, Amur, Irkustsk, Omsk, Tomsk and Novosibirsk".  Among these were more than 10,990 children and youths under 16.  Women and children under 16 constituted 73% of the deportees.  Altogether 30,620 families and 94,799 people were deported from the three Baltic States.
 
This is another adventure that is covered in "Latvia" 50 Years of Terror and Tyranny 1940 to 1991. http://latvia50yrs.thecelotajs.com/Latvia-50-Years-of-Terror-and-Tyranny/ 
 
Skrunda Soviet Union era Water Tower – This Soviet Union era Water Tower is located along Route 9A and the south side of Skrunda. This type of water tower can be found through out Latvia. Unfortunate I was not able to find any further information on its design or then they were built other during the Soviet Union era of occupation.
 
Courland "Kurzeme" Region Monuments
 
Virga parish – Commemorative Stone of the Repressed People of Virga parish, that in 1941 and 1949 Virga parish people were Deportation to Siberia  – Stūri, Virga, Latvia. Lat: N56.47805, Lon: E021.44944
 
The Commemorative Stone of the Repressed People of Virga, it is situated at the crossroads of Liepāja, Priekule, Paplaka and Bunka roads meet, in the place of the former Lubu pub. In 1941 and 1949, the deportation to Siberia happened here. In 1941, from Virga parish “22 people” were deported, but in 1949 “164 people”. In 1993, the commemorative stone was unveiled with a piece of writing:
“This Wound will Always Hurt,
These Tears will never Dry”
The stone is a place of gatherings every year on the 25th of March and the 14th of June each year.
 
This one is only one of many that are located throughout Latvia.
 
Durbes parish – Memorial for Deported Persons and Persons who fought against Soviets – Aizputes iela 12, Līguti, Latvia.
 
Located on the north side and at the corner of Aizputes iela and Rigas iela “Route A9” is the Durbes – Memorial for Deported Persons and Persons who fought against Soviets. This single column lists the names of those who were deported and who fought against Soviet, with the two wings, one on each side with the words inscribed on them. Below is a Google Translation of what is engraved on the memorial.
 
Left Wing Reads; 
DURBES COUNTY RESIDENTS
LATVIAN soldiers fight
AGAINST the communist regime
1941 – 1945
Center Column Reads; 
Durbe RESISTANCE
members of the movement
Right Wing;
DURBES residents of the county
Communist occupation
the victims
1941 – 1956
Kalni, Nigrande parish – Memorial Ensemble to The Deported People “krusta ceļš” Way of the Cross – Lat: N56.44529, Lon: E022.12309, Svētās Agates baznīca, Kalni, Latvia.
 
Located on the northwest out skirts of Kalni is the Memorial Ensemble to The Deported People “krusta ceļš” Way of the Cross. The memorial is located next to Komunāru iela and just west of Kalnu iela. 
 
The memorial ensemble was unveiled in 2009. It consists of four stylized freight wagons – each for different deportation period. The roofs of the wagons symbolize houses. In the middle of the ensemble: an altar and a cross. This ensemble differs from others, because it reminds people that the deportations took place not only on 14 June 1941 and on 25 March 1949. There have been deportations between these dates. The monument has been created in a way that the list of the names engraved in it can be continued because the research is still ongoing. The author “Maija Eņģele” of the memorial ensemble is a local sculptor and also an expert on local history. Below is a Google Translation of what is engraved on the memorial. 
TAUTAS UN TĒVZEMES MĪLESTĪBAS
NEKAD – NEVAR BŪT PAR DAUDZ
 
PEOPLE LOVE AND HOMELAND
NEVER - can not be too
Skrunda parish – Memorial Carriage and Exhibit to the 1941 and 1941 Deportations – Located on the East side of Skrunda Railway Station, Stacijas iela 2, Skrunda, Latvia
 
This memorial is located on the east side of Skrunda Railway Station with the carriage entrance door facing the railway trackers that houses remittance and memorials of those who were deported during these period of times. The memorial is a former railway carriage, the type used to deport Latvian residents on 13 and 14 June 1941 and 25 March 1949 from the district of Kuldīga that were deported from Skrunda station to the far Sibiria Regions. The carriage door is kept locked, if one wants to view the remittances, you will need to go in the railway station and ask for the key then unlock the paddle lock and slide the carriage door open. Please remember once you are finished viewing these remittances, close the carriage door and relock it and take the key back to who you got it from. You are getting the key and viewing the remittances on your word that you will not damage, steal anything and will relock the carriage door once done. Now I won't say this will work all the time. For these remittances are priceless and can not be replaced.
 
Jūrkalne parish – Monument in Remembrance of 58 people of Jurkalne who were killed, died, and are missing in Revolution of 1905, World War I and Latvian Freedom Fights – Jūrkalne, Latvia. Lat: N57.00527, Lon: E021.38555.
 
Located along route P111 and south of Jūrkalne Latvia and at the entrance gate to the cemetery is this Monument in Remembrance of 58 people of Jurkalne who were killed, died, and are missing in Revolution of 1905, World War I and Latvian Freedom Fights where 58 people of Jūrkalne Latvia who were killed, died of wounds or are just missing.
 
Other then what is above is all that we can find on this monument and its events.
 
Aizpute parish – Monument to the 1905 Russian Revolution – Located along P112 and in Aizpute parish.
 
These monuments like this can be found all over Latvia. What I understand, the local Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic "Latvian SSR" Central Committee put these monuments up in their local districts, which could be a village, town or city. Ruled by committee, designed by committee, and then built by committee, 
 
Monument to the Latvian Legion – Located along Route A9, Dzeņi, Pienava, Latvia. Lat: N56.73621, Lon: E023.22829. 
 
This monument is dedicated to those of the 15th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS "1st Latvian" Latvian Legion that were either killed or captured during it being surrounded in what was known as the Courland Pocket.
 
The 15th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS "1st Latvian" was an Infantry Division of the Waffen SS during World War II. It was the first Latvian division formed during the Waffen-SS's drive for manpower in the wake of Operation Barbarossa, Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941. After a successful recruitment drive in the Reichskommissariat Ostland, the occupied Baltic  states, to form anti-partisan brigades, Heinrich Himmler formed Baltic legions by late August 1942. These included the Lettische SS-Freiwilligen-Legion, the nucleus of the later 15th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS with which it formed the Latvian Legion. It was surrounded in the Courland Pocket at the end of the war when it surrendered to the Red Army.
 
Monuments like this can be found all over Latvia where the Latvian Legion fought the reinvasion of the Soviet Union Red Army and their reoccupation of Latvia again. The Latvian Legion is the most miss understand group and the true reason they were formed and fought against the Red Army. Even today, the Russians hate them and call them fascisms just because they fought with the Nazi Army to try and defeat the invading Red Army. The members of the Latvian Legion neither excepted communist party nor the Nazi party all they wanted was independence from them all.
 
Revolutionary Ernesta Rolavs – Monument proclaiming that At this point, the 1907 August 17 Revolutionary Ernesta Rolavs was shot dead – Mazarāji, Grobiņas parish, Latvia. Lat: N56.53041, Lon: E021.14765.
 
Located in the middle of a field and next to a single tree is this lonely monument proclaiming that At this point, the 1907 August 17 Revolutionary Ernesta Rolavs was shot dead. 
 
Please Note: This is a very rough Google Translation from a Latvian article!
 
Ernest Rolava was born as Ernst Ulrich Rolava on 14 August 1874 at the Asītes Parish mansion which burned down also known as the “Mika” farmers’ family. His father brought the estate "EZERGAĻI” home, but was cast out of them, when it could not pay the debt. He studied at the City of Liepāja School district, but the 1895 Nicholas was completed in Liepaja gymnasium. Launched in law school at the University of Moscow, but in 1896 he was arrested for 
evolutionary literature transportation from the port to Moscow. He suffered imprisonment in the Jelgava Prison. In 1899 The Rolava emigrated to London, then to Zurich for further legal studies. However, in the early 1900s he went to the East Prussian village Nimerzati now “Nemirseta Palanga Southern” at the same Courland province border, where smugglers to help deal with the illegal transfer literature.
 
In January 1901, he crossed the border with books, and in Riga was arrested and in 1902 Turuhanskas was exiled to the village at the Yenisey River. In 1903 he ran away from the resettlement places to Switzerland, where he continued his studies and participated in the Latvian Social Democratic Union “LSS” formation. With the help of party members, he founded a strong and effective transport network, which is used by the Russian Revolutionary Socialist Party and the Caucasus Revolutionary Party. In 1905, On Revolution Rolava returned Latvian, after the defeat in 1906, he immigrated to England, where distanced himself from the Bolsheviks.
 
In 1907 he came to Odessa to externally sort of state law examination Novorosijas “Jaunkrievijas” University, but he was arrested. Carried to Liepāja, under Baron Nolde, Europe and Henkel order was beaten and on the 17th of August 1907, for the "escape" was shot near Grobiņas.
 
Ernest Rolava death rocked and re-united Latvian Social Democratic union members. It forged plans for revenge, sought evidence about the events of the Liepāja-road Grobiņas the 18th of August morning, collected donations Ernest Rolava father. His brother ANDŽA Rolava and Emil Skubiķis wrapped Ernest Rolava documents and prepared his work on the issue of "How did the Baltic Revolution". LSS had lost their manager, but received a hero and martyr.
 
Ernest Rolava cousin was Kant's translator Atis Rolava.
 
This is all the information can be found on this monument and if one was not looking for things out of the ordinary it can easily be missed. Like said, it sets in the middle some 100 yards from the road. 
 
Durbes Town Monuments – Located at the southeast corner of Route A9 and Līgutu ceļš is two monuments dedicated to the Town of Durbe, Raiņa iela 13, Durbe, Latvia. Lat: N56.59060, Lon: E021.36260. 
 
Durbe is first time mentioned in 1260, when joined Lithuanian and Kurši “Curonians, ancient Baltic tribe” forces smashed the Teutonic Order in the battle at Durbe. This battle liberated Kurši people for some time, induced the Great Prussian Revolt and stopped the aggression of the Order against Lithuania for a long time. But in 1263 Durbe was conquered by the Teutonic Order.
 
City rights were granted to Durbe, called then Durben in German, in 1893, confirmed in 1917.
 
The Town Coat of Arms  were granted in 1925: a silver apple tree. Latvian folklore attaches great significance to an apple tree: it is a magical source of youth and sympathy.
 
Durbe “German: Durben” is a town in Latvia. Durbe was first noted in 1260, when the Battle of Durbe occurred near Lake Durbe.
 
Town rights were granted to Durbe in 1893 and confirmed in 1917. Durbe manor served as the headquarters of a German brigade in 1917.
 
Durbe, Latvia is only 30km from Liepaja and it has some interesting historical sights. But due to the schedule, we just didn’t have the time to explore this historical town and its many historical sights. 
 
ĀDOLFS VALTERS – Latvian Freedom Fighter and Second Members of the Saeima. Located out in the middle of Courland Countryside and along a country road is the monument to Ādolfs Valters. Inscribed in this monument is:
SIMAITIŠĶOS
dzīvoja
Latvijas Brīvības Cīnītājs
2. Saeimas Loceklis
ADOLFS VALTERS
dz. 1880g. 20.01
1941g. 14.jūnija arestēts 
un Sibīrījā nomocīts
Google Translation from Latvian:
SIMAITIŠĶOS
lived
Latvian Freedom Fighter
2nd Parliamentary member of Adolf VALTERS
up. 1880g. 20:01 1941g. June 14,
arrested and tortured in Siberia
I have no idea who Ādolfs Valters was and just what he has to have done except what is inscribed on it. There is no listing for him in the Latvian Archives.
 
Monument to Arvidam Manfeildam – who drained 100000 Hectors of land. This monument is located in the area where Arvidam Manfeldam is known for draining 100,000 hectors “247,105.381 Acres” of land for farming collation.
He dug trenches from the water covering the land to streams to drain the area so it could be farmed.
 
In Conclusion 
 
Being in Latvia and Courland Region for only 21 days and being on a very tight schedule, we were only able to cover part of the vast area of Courland Region.
 
These are only a few of the many sights we visited while in Courland Region. Besides visiting different parts of Courland Region countryside, we also took the time to visit some of the towns that were in the area as well as some of the former Soviet Union Military Sites. We were even able to revisit the ruins of Liepāja Northern Fortifications and then the other ones that encircled the City of Liepāja. These fortifications were built during the reigns of Tsar Alexander III and Tsar Nicholas II . They were destroyed during Tsar Nicholas II reign. While in the area, we also visited Karosta Naval Port, which was started during the reigns of Tsar Alexander III and finished during Tsar Nicholas II reign. It became a very important sea port. because during the winter it is ice free. during World War I , it was held by the Germans into 1918 when Latvia obtained its independence. In June 1940 the Soviet Union took control of it until the German Army invaded in June 1941 to which the German Navy took control. This lasted until the end of World War II and when the Red Army and Navy reinvaded Latvia and took control of Latvia again. Karosta Naval Port then became a closed town even to the locals with out a special pass. This lasted until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 and their finial withdraw in May 1994. While exploring Karosta Naval Port, we noticed that the buildings that were built during the reigns of Tsar Alexander III and Tsar Nicholas II have fallen into disarray and have been stripped of anything of valve by scavengers. Karosta has become a impoverished area today with high unemployment. There is a few companies located in Karosta, but not enough to lower the areas unemployment or raise its economy.
 
What is happening in the area is, outside companies are coming into the areas, but only for cheap labor. The average earnings is about 600 lats per month or less, which out of this, one has to pay rent, utilities, food and clothing and what ever their needs are. Yes that is 600 lats per Month since they are paid only once per month. If one wants to know just how much that is in you currency go to a currency converter.
 
When the Soviet Military left in May 1994 it left a vacuum in the areas economy. With out local funds, it fell into ruins and became a targets to scavengers. This also happened to the Soviet Military Sites that are scattered throughout the Courland Region and Latvia. What one can not understand is some of the building had historical history that sated back to the early 1900, which was part of Latvia's history to be lost for ever even if they were formally occupied and used by the Soviet Union. We also found this throughout the Courland Region and Latvia. The structures are still there, even if some are in ruins, but there is no written or published history on them. They are just a name on a map or listing but with no written or published history.
 
We even found this with many monuments and memorials that we found and are located throughout Latvia. Its like yep that is a monument or memorial to some even and all you have is what is engraved in it. When you try and find more information in it, there is none and when you ask someone about them, they just look at you. Now there maybe written information on them, but who knows where it is.
 
There is another thing that is getting to me is the Tourism Information Centre's and their websites, most of them are in Latvian only. I understand Latvian is their official language but if Latvia wants to attract more foreign tourism, they need to create websites one can read even if it is just what sights they have to offer. But if you can't read their websites to see just what a town or city has to offer, they won't get the tourism from other countries. This is like wise with some of the museums located in these towns or craft shops and etc. If you can read it, why bother going. It also happens with email. If they can't read it, they ignore it. I have had first hand at this happen to me, but I have found a work around to this problem. I just do more research on what I want to see and where I want to go. This is also one of the reason I have published many websites on Latvia and different town and cities I have visited. I try and take what I have learned and publish it on said websites so other ones can find just what other towns and cities have to offer and how to get to these different places.  People keep telling me I am publishing to much information. Well sometimes I thank I don't publish enough. In the last couple of years, I started including the address and coordinates to these places. I also try and make sure these coordinates are correct. In the past, I have been given some that were not correct and got no where or lost. Anyway if I can make it easer for someone else, it made each trip to Latvia worth while. Latvia has so many places of historical value and historical places to see, one can not see them all in just one visit, but it also depends on what you want to do or want to see. I have visited Latvia five different times now and I still haven't seen everything I want to. With only being able to be in country 90 days every six months, it will take the rest of my life to see just the places I want to visit.
 
So with that, have a safe and enjoy your visit to Latvia and Courland Region.
"TheCeļotājs"
 
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Revised: 04/01/2013 – 16:49:16